Tag: hvac school

Because the name of the website is HVAC School I get a lot of people who assume we either

A) Have a physical location

B) Sell online courses

You are probably aware by now that we do neither of those things, we are a free learning resource for anyone looking to improve their professional skills in HVAC/R and that we are PRIMARILY for techs by techs as our tagline proclaims.

Many people ask me what school they should attend or what online course they should consider and many ask “Is going to trade school even worth it?”. I’m going to attempt to answer these questions broadly but first, allow me to share my education experience and philosophy.

I was home-schooled K-12 and I graduated high-school at 16. Prior to the age of 16 I had already helped my grandpa pull apart aircraft, worked with my friend and his Dad pouring concrete and framing houses and helped my uncle as an electrical apprentice installing lighting in grocery stores.

I went to one year of HVAC/R trade school at 16 and started working in the field at 17. At the time, I really liked my instructor but he was not very engaged with actively instructing and most of my time was spent reading and alone in the lab doing who knows what.

While I did want to learn I didn’t know what the things I was learning meant in real life. Once I got into the field all of the little fragments of understanding and experience started to come together and make sense for me. In other words, information is meaningless unless it is coupled with application and successful repetition.

My philosophy on trades education is now formed by my own experience as a student, apprentice and tech and then as a corporate trainer, business owner and content creator. This philosophy continues to change and evolve as meet new people and gain their perspective as you will hear.

Here is the short version of my philosophy

Trades education should be focused on successful outcomes of proper design, installation, commissioning, repair, maintenance, customer service and co-worker interaction rather than on ambiguous concepts. This requires interest and focused attention by the student and instruction focused on working through challenges with these students until they achieve outcomes acceptable to industry.

This means that while I wish students would all fully understand Ohms law that only matters if it helps them do something practical they can be expected to encounter in their jobs. Until a student can start APPLYING the information it will begin to quickly fade from memory and some people have a better “fact memorization” memory than others. Most people need REGULAR reiteration and application for facts to stick.

Because of this philosophy and my own experiences with students and as a student I have a tendency to approach traditional trade education with some skepticism, not that there is anything fundamentally broken or that the instructors are to blame but something has always felt….. missing.

I now feel I owe traditional trades education an apology, we will get to that

My Recent Epiphany

I have the honor of knowing some really generous and distinguished instructors and past instructors such as Rick Ruscigno w/ Lincoln Tech, Jason Obrzut and Eugene Silberstein with ESCO, Ty Branaman at National Technical Institute and many, many more. It is such an important role these guys play in the industry and I confess I rarely take enough time to thank them for the important work they do.

One past instructor is my friend Gary Reecher and Gary is very active in the HVAC school group and many others and always shares great resources. A few months ago Gary asked if I would be willing to come up to Louisville, KY and help judge the SkillsUSA nationals HVAC/R competition.

I will be honest, all I could think about was my ABYSMAL performance in a VICA competition (The precursor to SkillsUSA) when I was 16 and how stupid I felt trying to do an electronic leak detection when I had never used an electronic leak detector before.

However…

It was Gary asking and I was very appreciative to him for all his contributions to the industry, so I said yes.

When I arrived at the Kentucky Expo Center I realized this event was MUCH bigger than I thought. It completely took over three wings of the convention center with vendor displays and competition areas as far as you could see in all directions. There were people young and old rushing all over and it was clear that this was a serious event with a lot of interest from many different industries.

I found the HVAC/R competition area and Gary showed me around the various stations by Carrier, Lennox, Harris, Haier, Emerson, Hussman and RSES. These competitions covered everything from recovery, evacuation and charging (the area I worked in) to brazing, electrical diagnosis, refrigerant circuit diagnosis and airflow testing. I will confess I was quite impressed by the diversity of topics covered as well as the quality of the test equipment.

The competitors were all trade school students who had already competed locally and in their states and won or placed high enough to be an alternate if the winners couldn’t make it. As the competition began the students began filing into the work areas and they were judged on their aptitude in performing the task, proper safety practices and their answers to some questions related to the task at hand in a maximum of 45 minutes.

I judged seven competitors personally and the skills ranged from several who performed the tasks smoothly and perfectly with one student who explained everything he did as he worked with great precision to several others who had no idea how to connect the recovery machine.

It took me back to my nervous and horrid performance in the VICA competition when I was in school and forced me to think about what was missing for me in school and how it changed when I went into the field.

All of the students at the competition clearly had an interest in the HVAC/R field though that level of commitment certainly varies. All of them have active minds or they wouldn’t have gotten this far. I would be willing to bet one of the primary differences between those who do well and those who don’t come down to

  1. Enthusiastic Personal Instruction
  2. Focused Hands on Repetition

I think SkillsUSA competition is an excellent way to help focus students on the application of the skills of the trade by getting them to perform reps on the skills of the trade rather than memorization of facts.

While the concept of competition may not appeal to all students the pressure of competition is actually a strong simulation for the pressures of being in the field with the customer watching and the clock running.

Then it struck me…

I’ve been in this trade for 20 years and this is the first time I’ve ever even CONSIDERED helping at an event like this

So I’m ready to recommit myself to helping traditional trades education in my area AND lending a hand to organizations like SkillsUSA that help to instill the hands-on skills needed to succeed in the trade.

I apologize to those instructors who have worked tirelessly and thanklessly educating students without the support of the field they need.

I encourage techs, contractors, reps, wholesalers, manufacturers and engineering firms to get involved more actively in traditional trades education and in organizations like SkillsUSA.

But HOW?

Well, Gary stepped in again and wrote this incredible “how to” list on getting involved and I share it here with his permission.

SkillsUSA 2019 RSES Judges From Left to right Joseph Kloke, Eric Kaiser, Bryan Orr, Mike Ekstein, Gary Reecher, Mike Ralston, Steve Wright, David Cooley, Rich Hoke, and Desi Rigg


Things you can do to improve and increase the visibility of the HVAC/R Trade (By Gary Reecher) 

1. Become a member of your local schools technical/advisory board which seeks input from local HVAC industry contractors and technicians.

2. Evaluate what the local school is teaching. Does it lack training in certain areas? Air flow measuring and troubleshooting? Electrical troubleshooting? Carbon monoxide evaluation? Combustion measurement? Many schools lack ductwork on their equipment to train students on how to measure airflow by either static pressure, pitot tube, vane anemometer, or temperature rise methods. Most schools do not have a replica building where blower door testing, back drafting, carbon monoxide testing, etc.

3. Equipment. If you have equipment that is changed out but is still functional offer it to your local school.

4. Troubleshooting equipment. Many schools purchase pre-built equipment. You can make your own troubleshooting equipment. Before I retired, I modified air conditioner, gas and electric furnaces where electrical troubles could be inserted such as defective run capacitors, motors, compressor, heating element, gas valve, thermostats, limits, etc. you get the idea. For airflow training, one furnace was completely outfitted with supply and return air ductwork. Dampers were placed in the trunk duct to change the airflow and static pressure. Different types of takeoffs were installed to show how, and round takeoff reduces airflow versus a tapered duct takeoff. A tee takeoff with 10 feet of round steel duct with a register and boot on one side of the tee. On the other side, the same type register boot and the register were installed on a stretched length of flexible duct. The duct was supported on 1-1/2-inch-wide straps and hung from a strap with a roller on a cable where the duct could be stretched or collapsed where students could measure airflow from the register with the duct extended or collapsed. This impressed on the student about what happens when the duct is properly stretched or collapsed. The evaporator coil was installed above a duct collar above the furnace heat exchanger. The duct collar had and an access panel where a piece of felt could be installed on the coil inlet to reduce air flow or the coil could be raised, and a wood block installed to allow air flow to bypass the evaporator coil. The system also had an Arzel zone system installed. Basic electrical boards are great for allowing students to construct basic electrical circuits. But with some imagination and toggle switches, one can turn that basic board into a troubleshooting board.

4a. Just thought of this. Add Zebra Instruments Short Pros in line with transformer 24 vac fuse. It is one of those auto-resetting circuit breakers that a light goes on when there is a short and goes out when the short goes away.

I wanted to create an air conditioning troubleshooter with a refrigeration receiver and some solenoids where the subcooling could be increased or decreased. And where a solenoid could meter refrigerant past the TXV but never got the time to do.

5. Do not count equipment manufacturers out for school donations. Many manufacturers are willing to provide equipment to schools that actively ask for equipment., and that they know the school will use. I recall one time when the AHRI Exposition was in McCormick Place in Chicago and the present class went on a field trip to the exposition. About 3 to 4 months later a truck showed up with 6 pallet loads of equipment. Unbeknownst to the instructors a couple of the students had talked up about our program so much to the VP’s wife we received loads of donated equipment.

This brings up the next truth.

IF YOU DO NOT ASK YOU WILL NOT RECEIVE 

6. If you can take time to visit vocational and community colleges are outside your local area do so. Different schools have different equipment and different methods of approaching training. It is good to get input from different sources. These inputs can be brought back, discussed, and possibly included in the training program. In other words, don’t live isolated in your own bubble. Break the bubble learn what other training programs are doing.

7. PHCC RIDE and DECIDE program. They have a ride along program to high school juniors and seniors acquaint about the HVAC/R industry. They will spend a few days or a week riding with service technicians or installers. Check with your local PHCC about that program.

8. Don’t disregard Psychrometrics or Enthalpy training. It is useful.

9. If you are not an RSES member join. It is not just a monthly magazine. They also have webinars typically on the 4th Wednesday of the month on a variety of topics from economizers, mini splits, psychrometrics, enthalpy, demystifying the reversing valve, etc. If you miss a webinar you can look at in the archives and show them to students.


I think another interesting idea would be to have qualified technicians go into trade schools once a month for two hours on a staggered schedule and do some hands-on projects with students on the lab equipment or with a still operational changeout unit they bring with them. If a company has 5 quality techs that is 5 hands-on projects a month for a handful of students and would make a huge difference.

The challenge in schools is getting sufficient time with tools in hand doing the tasks of the trade and closer association with techs and contractors could go far in helping to make that happen.

In conclusion… That “something” that feels missing in schools sometimes is the connection to the people and skills of the field and the only person to take the blame for that is myself.

So let’s get involved!

— Bryan

 

So I hear you’re just finishing trade school? Well done.

You chose to take an excellent path and now your journey is just beginning.

How this will go is really up to you and that’s a good thing! You aren’t going to be forced in one direction or another, you get to choose.

Let’s talk about what choices you will make and what you need to know to end up where you want to go (unintentional rhyme there).


Choosing an Industry Segment

Many of you may end up working in a particular segment because you were recruited into it, or you know someone, or it was the first place that offers you a job. There is nothing wrong with that, but I would first consider all of your options.

Stationary vs. Field 

There are some jobs where you work as a stationary mechanic or tech on a single, or group of facilities, generally as a direct employee of the facility. In other jobs, you will work for an independent contractor on many different locations and for various customers.

Stationary jobs tend to be well suited for people who enjoy routine, a slower pace and less variability. Often the benefits (Vacation, health, retirement) in stationary jobs can be very good though the competitiveness of the pay may vary.

Field jobs have more risk and variability and are generally best suited for people who are always looking for a challenge and prefer not to have a set routine day in and day out.

Install vs. Service – Install or projects work tends to be more physically taxing but generally has a more fixed work schedule. Good install and project mechanics need to have a combination of productivity and efficiency as well as a strong mechanical sense and attention to aesthetic detail (how things look). Install mechanics must be able to read plans and specs but usually don’t need to learn as much from reading as service.

Service has a lot more scheduling variability and often work long hours in peak seasons. Service requires strong problem-solving skills, communication and an ability to think well under pressure. The best service techs can learn from many different sources including reading.

Residential vs. Commercial – In residential you will generally be able to stay busy in or near your own hometown.  You must be able to talk with people and handle tense situations and be willing to quote repairs and have money conversations with customers. In general, residential requires less travel and isn’t as technically difficult as commercial but can be more socially stressful.

Commercial work does not generally require nearly as much customer interaction but will often require more climbing, lifting, and travel. On the projects side, commercial work will often require periodic night work.

Specialty Segments 

HVAC/R has many specialty segments like chillers, controls (EMS, BAS), VRF, Market refrigeration, ammonia and many more. Specialty segments may be more challenging to get into right out of school but often have excellent long term opportunity for pay and advancement. One of the best ways to learn if an industry segment may be right for you is to strike up a conversation with a tech or owner in that segment on one of the forums or social media groups like HVAC school.


Initial Pay vs. Ultimate Opportunity

You will be tempted to choose a job based on which one pays you the most right out of school. For some of you, the need to make as much as you can right away is critical and I understand that.

But that isn’t how I would make the decision.

I would suggest looking into segments and companies where the pay after 5 years is the best rather than only considering what they pay out of school. The best way to find this info is to talk to people who have actually done it rather than trusting what a company says about themselves.

I know you may think you already HAVE an education, but your education is really only starting. Find a company that will continue to invest in training you rather than one that throws you to the wolves right out of school.

Don’t get the wrong idea…

There isn’t a job or career path out there that will work out exactly like you planned. The planning isn’t so you will check every box, it’s so you will get started out in the best direction. There will be many course corrections in your journey and you will learn a lot about yourself as you go.


Character is Key

Before we cover what you do to get where you want to go we need to discuss who you ARE.

You are a combination of your genetics inherited from your parents, the things that have happened to you and the choices you’ve made along the way. When questions of character come up you will be tempted to blame your genes (I’m just not a good reader) or your circumstances (I don’t have time to study), I beg you DON’T DO IT.

Every human that has ever lived is born with advantages and challenges and everyone has the choice to allow these external forces to define their existence or to choose to own what they become.

Whether life happens to you (victim mentality) or whether you happen to life (ownership) depends on you

Character means making a set of choices based on rules that you set for yourself of proper conduct. Here are some great character rules.

  1. Keep your word, especially when doing so requires sacrifice
  2. Treat everyone with respect whether they deserve it or not
  3. Spend time with people that make you better
  4. Listen more than you speak
  5. Practice gratefulness daily
  6. Work hard even when you think it doesn’t matter
  7. Do the right thing even when nobody will ever know
  8. Replace negativity with solutions
  9. Don’t complain… ever
  10. Make decisions you will be proud of 20 years from now

Sorry for writing a little self-help novel here… but character really matters.

You need to decide what sort of person you are or your circumstances will decide for you.


What Not to Do

If you are under the age of 25 I want to state once again how glad I am that you chose this business and I really think you made a great choice.

But please, recognize that some of the things culture and social interaction with your peers have taught you will wreak havoc on your career in this trade.

So please, for your own sake don’t –

  • Keep looking at your phone (seriously, don’t look at it…)
  • Come into work looking all sleepy and disengaged
  • Show up late
  • Make snarky remarks to more experienced workers (or anything that could be misinterpreted that way)
  • Tell experienced guys how you “did it in school”
  • Stand Around (Find a broom, organize something somewhere or read something directly related to your job)
  • Fall asleep at work (even in the van)
  • Tell people about personal stuff you don’t want everyone to know

This applies to workers of all ages of course, but these traits tend to be really common in younger workers.


What to Do Instead

Getting ahead is actually pretty simple (but not easy). You need to

Learn continuously, communicate positively and do good work consistently

Here are my top recommendations for actions you can take right out of school

  1.  Put aside money from every check for tools. Buy your own tools even if the company provides them. This is about investing in yourself, not about the company you work for right now.
  2. Remember things the older techs tell you. Thank them later on for specifically what they taught you and how it helped.
  3. Read Manuals. If you work on something new read the manual beforehand if you can. At a minimum, do it later on at home if you didn’t have time during the day. I don’t care if you are a “hands-on” learner thats not an excuse not to read. This is why I suggest doing just before or after you worked on it. You can’t get really good if you never read so start making it a habit.
  4. Show up to Work Early. On time is late, set your clocks 10 minutes forward if you need to.
  5. Share Facts from Others. If you find that someone more experienced is doing something incorrectly, share something you read in a manual or article and ask their thoughts on it rather than “confronting” them.
  6. Use Your Resources. Do some research and study before asking a question. There is still a time to ask, but it’s once you’ve already put in some work.

The Rule of Bob 

“If Bob has a problem with everyone, Bob is the problem”

I get contacted all the time by people fresh out of school who express that everyone in the trade is out to get them. They ALL do it wrong, they are ALL jerks, EVERYONE abuses and mistreats them.

There are really only two options when someone has these sorts of complaints

  1. They work for the worst company ever
  2. They don’t know how to overcome challenges

Sure, there are a lot of grouchy, sad, negative people in our trade. That’s true in EVERY job, tradespeople just tend to express it with a few more expletives than some other more “refined” professions. You’ve really got to learn to deal with negative people while finding ways to spend more time with positive and helpful people. Sometimes that means finding a different company and sometimes it means using it as an opportunity to build some resilience within yourself.

Some companies and bosses are bad… You won’t change them. If you work at a place that doesn’t match your character don’t complain, find a better fit.

Remember, this is all about you choosing a path that will take you where YOU want to go. Everything else is just circumstances and you will decide whether they make you better or bitter.

In the words of Forest Gump…

“That’s all I’ve got to say about that”

— Bryan

 

 

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